ORANGE is the color obtained from mixing red and yellow. Every shade/tint of this color depends on the proportion of the two main colors, adding more white or black to the mixture.
Until the 15th century, orange color was used in Europe, but without the name; it was simply called yellow-red. Portuguese merchants brought the first orange trees from Asia in the late 15th and early 16th century, along with the name Sanskrit naranga, which gradually became part of several European languages: naranja in Spanish, laranja in Portuguese, and orange in English. Therefore, comes the origin of the name ORANGE.
However, oranges (the plant itself and its cultivation) became popular in northern Europe only in the 17th century because of the invention creating heated greenhouse for plants, a construction type known today as an “orangerie”.